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Abraham Lincoln was the 16th President of the United States, serving from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865. He is widely regarded as one of America’s greatest presidents due to his leadership during the American Civil War and his efforts to preserve the Union, abolish slavery, and promote civil rights. Born on February 12, 1809, in a log cabin in Hardin County, Kentucky, Lincoln grew up in a humble background and had limited formal education. Despite these challenges, he worked as a lawyer, self-taught himself various subjects, and became involved in Illinois state politics. Lincoln’s political career gained momentum in the 1850s, particularly with his debates against Stephen A. Douglas in the Illinois Senate race of 1858, where he eloquently articulated his opposition to the spread of slavery into new territories. In 1860, he was elected as the first Republican president of the United States. His presidency was marked by the outbreak of the American Civil War in 1861. Lincoln faced the daunting task of preserving the Union and ultimately issued the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863, which declared that all enslaved people in Confederate territory were to be set free. This significant move paved the way for the eventual abolition of slavery in the United States. Lincoln was reelected in 1864 and continued to steer the nation through the Civil War, which ended in 1865 with the surrender of Confederate General Robert E. Lee. Tragically, Lincoln’s life was cut short when he was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth on April 14, 1865, at Ford’s Theatre in Washington, D.C. He died the following day on April 15, 1865. Abraham Lincoln’s leadership and his dedication to the principles of freedom, equality, and democracy have left an enduring legacy in American history. He is remembered for his Gettysburg Address, where he emphasized the idea that the United States was a nation “conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.” Lincoln’s contributions to the nation’s history and his role in the abolition of slavery have solidified his status as an iconic figure in American history.